What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid which can be extracted from the cannabis plant and added to foods, but which has no psychoactive properties.
The last few years have seen a growth in food products containing CBD and in January 2019, the EU Commission classified food products and supplements containing cannabidiol (CBD) extracts as ‘novel foods’.
In law, novel foods are classified as foods or ingredients which had a significant history of consumption before May 1997 in the EU.
Is CBD safe?
Like all new foods and ingredients, CBD products have to be safety evaluated, authorised and approved as a novel food before they can be sold.
Food Standards Scotland is working with local authorities and other partners to keep the safety of CBD food products currently on the market under review, and to ensure that products stating they contain this ingredient do so.
When available, updates for businesses and Scottish local authorities will be available on this page of our website.
Who is responsible for regulating CBD?
Food Standards Scotland has regulatory responsibility for CBD used in food products.
Products containing the psychoactive substance Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), with limited exemptions, are classed as controlled drugs under the Misuse of Drugs Act and for Police Scotland and the Home Office.
Medicinal use of CBD is the remit of the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency, and most other uses of CBD such as for vaping are for Trading Standards.